Attention Deficit Disorder (ADHD/ADD) In traditional Chinese Medicine Perspective

Attention Deficit Disorder (ADHD/ADD) also known as attention deficit hyperactivity disorder is a chronic disease occurs in certain age and years of a children, defined as a condition with characteristics of co-existence of attentional problems and hyperactivity. It effects about 5% of the all children in the world with boys have 3-4 times higher risk than girl. Over one third of children with ADHD will have continued symptoms existed into their adult life.

In traditional Chinese medicine perspective(66)
Although there are no condition known as ADD, in the history of Chinese medicine, but some TCM practictioners defined ADHD as result as follow
A. Predominantly hyperactive-impulsive as of result of Kidney Yin deficiency cause of hyperactivities of liver Yang
1. Symptoms
Beside the symptoms mentioned above, TCM also describes the physical appearance of the patient as follow
a. Thin body
b. Thristy
c. Desire to cold
d. night sweat
e. Red tongue with less coating
f. Etc.

2. Treatment
Qi Ju Di Huang Wan, the TCM formula with main function in nourishing the kidney and liver, improves vision used for patient with above symptoms and for deficiency of both liver Yin and kidney-Yin. Ingredients include
a. Shu Di Huang
The bitter, sweet, bitter and warm herb has been used in as diuretic agent and to enhance heart function (small doses constrict the blood vessels and large doses dilate the blood vessel), decrease blood sugar, etc., as it clears Heat and cools the Blood (Sheng) as it nourishes Yin and Blood, tonifies the Essence, strengthens the Marrow, etc., by enhancing the functions of heart, kidney, and liver channels.

b. Shan Zhu Yu
Shan Zhu Yu or Shan Yu Rou is also known as Asian Cornelian Cherry Fruit. The sour, acrid and slightly warm herb has been used in TCM to treat impotence, spermatorrhea, instant sweating, sore or week knees, chronic lower back pain, frequent urination, incontinence, etc., as it tonifies the Liver and the Kidneys, benefits the Liver and the Kidneys, etc., by enhancing the functions of kidney and liver channels.

c. Shan Yao
Shan Yao or Huai Shan is also known as Dioscorea. The sweet and neutral herb has been used in TCM as antibiotic , anti-inflammatory and anti aging agent and to lower blood sugar, improve digestive system, promote urination, etc. as it tonifies the spleen and stomach and kidney yang and yin, etc., by enhancing the functions of kidney, lung and spleen channels.

d. Ze Xie
Ze Xie is also known as Alism. The sweet, bland and cold herb has been used in TCM as anti-pyretic, diuretic, anti-bacterial, hypoglycemic, hypotensive agent and to lowers blood lipids: total cholesterol, inhibits hardening of main artery, etc., as it drains deficient kidney fire, promotes urination, drains damp-heat, etc., by enhancing the functions of kidney and bladder channels.

e. Fu Ling
Fu Ling, fu shen or fu ling pi is also known as Poria. The bland, sweet and neutral herb has been used in TCM as as diuretics and to treat urinary difficulty, diarrhea, water retention, headache, dizziness, palpitations, etc., as it eliminates Water, strengthens the Spleen, calms the Mind, etc., by enhancing the functions of heart, spleen, lung and kidney channels.

f. Mu Dan Pi
Mu Dan Pi or Dan Pi is also known as peony bark. The acrid, bitter and mildly cool has been used in TCM as anti micro organism, anti inflammatory agent and to enhance circulation, CNS as it clears heat, fire of yin deficiency, blood stasis and cools the blood, etc., by enhancing the functions of heart, liver and kidney channels.

g. Gou Qi Zi
The sweet and neutral herb has been used in TCM as anti aging and anti cancer agent and to enhance the immune system, lower blood lipids, elevate level of testosterone, protect the liver function, prevent fatty liver, simulate estrogens, etc., as it nourishes and tonifies the liver, lung and kidney, etc., by enhancing the functions of liver, lung and kidney channels.

h. Ju Hua
Ju Hua is also known as chrysanthemum flower. The nsweet, bitter and slightly cold herb has been used in TCM as anti inflammatory, antibiotic, anti Antipyretic agent and to treat liver and kidney deficiency resulting in dizziness, blurry vision, pain and weakness in lower back and knees, tears induced by wind blowing, as it disperses wind, clears heat and wind-heat, et., by enhancing the functions of liver and lung channels.

B. Predominantly inattentive as of result of Qi and blood deficiency of Spleen and Heart causes of failing to nourish the heart Mind
1. Symptoms
Beside the symptoms mentioned above, TCM also describes the physical appearance of the patient as follow
a. Pale face and lips
b. Overactive with low energy
c.Poor memory
d. Pale tongue and weak pulse
f. Etc.

2. Treatment
Gui Pi Tang helps to strengthens the spleen and the heart, nourishes blood and Qi, calms the mind. Ingredients include
a. Fu Ling
Fu Ling, fu shen or fu ling pi is also known as Poria. The bland, sweet and neutral herb has been used in TCM as as diuretics and to treat urinary difficulty, diarrhea, water retention, headache, dizziness, palpitations, etc., as it eliminates Water, strengthens the Spleen, calms the Mind, etc., by enhancing the functions of heart, spleen, lung and kidney channels.

b. Bai Zhu
Bai Zhu is also known as Bighead atractylodes rhizome. The aromatic, slightly acrid and sweet herb has been used in TCM to treat children drooling, Meniere's disease, constipation, chronic back painm, acute infection of intestine, dizziness, palpitation, edema, instant sweating, etc., as it tonifies the spleen, augments qi, dries dampness, atabilizes the exterior, etc., by enhancing the functions of spleen and stomach channels.

c. Suan Zao Ren
Suan Zao Ren is also known as Sour jujube seed. The sweet, sour, neutral herb has been used in TCM to treat abnormal sweating, anxiety, insomnia, excessive dream, palpitation, weak memory, dizziness, night sweating, etc., as it nourishes heart and liver, calms spirit, etc., by enhancinf the functions of gallbladder, heart, liver and spleen channels.

d. Huang Qi
Huang Qi or Bei Qi is also known as Astragalus root. The sweet herb has been used as diuretic agent and to lower blood pressure, increase blood pressure, lessens proteinuria, improve endurance, protect liver function, regulate blood sugar, etc. as it tonifies Qi, raises Yang, strengthens the Defensive-Qi and the Exterior, expels toxins, etc. by enhancing the functions of lung and spleen channels.

e. Dang Shen
Dang Shen is also known as codonopsis root. The sweet and neutral herb has been used in TCM to enhance the immune and cetral nervous systems and blood coagulation, reduce fatigue, increases red and white blood cells, white blood cells, raise blood sugar, etc., as it tonifies the Middle, strengthens Qi, promotes generation of Body Fluids, nourishes Blood, etc., by promoting the functions of lung and spleen channels.

f. Long Yan
Long Yan or Long Yan Rou is also known as Longan. The aromatic and neutral herb has been used in TCM to treat neurasthenia, forgetfulness, palpitation, insomnia, etc., as it tonifies heart and spleen, nourishes blood, calms spirit, etc., by enhancing the functions of heart and spleen channels.

g. Da Jiao
Da Jiao or Da Zao also known as black jujube. The sweet and warm herb has been used in TCM to treat improves cAMP(cyclic adenosine mono phosphate) and strength of muscles, calms the central nervous system, inhibits histamine, IgE, and 5-HT, cell mutation and cancer cells, etc., as it tonifies the Middle Burnner, strengthens Qi, nourishes Blood, calms the Mind, regulates the nature of other herbs, etc., by enhancing the functions of stomach , spleen channels.

h. Dang Gui
Dang Qui is also known as Angelica Root. The sweet, bitter, acrid and warm herb has been used in TCM to regulate the menses, lower lipids, reduce platelet coagulation and swelling, expel pus, relieve pain, etc/, as it tonifies and moves Blood, calms pain, moistens the Intestines, etc., by enhancing the function of heart, liver and spleen channels.

i. Yuan Zhi
Yuan Zhi is also known as Turkey Tails. The sweet, bland and slightly cold herb has been used in TCM as antibiotic property, anti-viral property, and anti-tumor agent and to get rid of dampness, transform phlegm, treat lung disease, insomnia, mental confusion, seizures, palpitations, anxiety, restlessness, etc., as it calms the spirit, quiets the heart, expels phlegm, clears the heart orifices, etc., by enhancing the functions of liver, spleen and lung channels.

j. Gan Cao
Gan Cao is also known as Licorice root. The sweet and neutral herb has been used in TCM as anti allergy, anti inflammation, anti ulcer, anti convulsion and to treat stomach weakness, tired and lack of strength, palpitation and short of breath, cough with abundance of phlegm, stomach and solar plexus pain, etc., as it tonifies the Spleen, benefits the Qi, moistens the Lungs, calms cough, deaf or acute pain, by enhancing all 12 channels.

k. Sheng Jiang
Sheng Jiang is also known as Fresh Ginger root. The acrid and cool herb has been use in TCM as an anti inflammation, anti coagulation of platelets, anti allergy, anti tumors, etc, and to promote flowing of bile, protect liver, stimulate cardiac function, inhibit platelet coagulation, prevent dizziness, improve auto-immune function,etc., as it promotes sweating, releases the Exterior; warms the Middle Burner and the Lungs, stops vomiting, calms cough by enhancing the functions of lung, spleen and stomach channels.

l. Mu Xiang
Nu Xiang is also known as costus root. The acrid, bitter and warm hrtb has been used in TCM to treat flatulence and pain in the abdomen, diarrhea, bronchitis, digestive tract infection: yeast infection, dysentery, and lack of appetite, etc,, as it promotes the movement of Qi, alleviates pain, regulates stagnated Qi in the intestines, strengthens the spleen and prevents stagnation, etc., by enhancing the functions of gallbladder, large intestine, spleen and stomach channels.

C. Anxiety, vexed, easily forgetful as of result of deficiency of Kidney essence causes of failing to nourish heart and Brain
1. Symptoms
a. Insomnia
b. Easily forgetful
c. Sores tongue
d. Red tongue
e. Rapid pusle
f. Etc.

2. Treatment
Kong Sheng Zhen Zhong Dan
A formula from Confucius to treat students with above symptoms and enhance education achievement by tonifying kidney, heart and benefiting the brain.
a. Shi Chang Pu
Shi Chang Pu is also known as Sweetflag Rhizome. The pungent, aromatic and warm herb has been used in TCM to treat deafness, dizziness, poor memory, dulled sensation, seizures, etc., as it opens orifices,expel phlegm, quiets spirit, -harmonize middle burner, etc., by enhancing the functions of heart ans stomach channels.

b. Yuan Zhi
Yuan Zhi is also known as Turkey Tails. The sweet, bland and slightly cold herb has been used in TCM as antibiotic property, anti-viral property, and anti-tumor agent and to get rid of dampness, transform phlegm, treat lung disease, insomnia, mental confusion, seizures, palpitations, anxiety, restlessness, etc., as it calms the spirit, quiets the heart, expels phlegm, clears the heart orifices, etc., by enhancing the functions of liver, spleen and lung channels.

c. Long gu
Long gu is also known as keel. The sweet, sour and neutral herb has been used in TCM to treat mood, palpitation, excessive dreams, irritability, seizures, dizziness, insomnia, forgetfulness, etc. as it calms spirit/heart and calms liver, anchors floating Yang, etc., by enhancing the functions of heart, liver, large intestine and kidney channels.

d. Baked Gui Ban
Gui Ban, Giu Jia or Gui Ban Jiao Is also known as Fresh Water Turtle Shell. The salty, sweet and neutral herb has been used in TCM to treat hot flashes with night sweating, chronic ache in loin and knees, spermatorrhea, chronic cough, palpitation, insomnia and forgetfulness, excessive bleeding during menses, etc., as it nourishes Yin, subdues Yang, tonifies the Kidneys and Heart, strengthens the Bones, Nourishes Blood, etc., by enhancing the functions of liver, kidney and heart channels.

The Author:

I have been studying natural remedies for disease prevention for over 20 years and working as a financial consultant since 1990.

Author notes: All articles written by Kyle J. Norton are for information and education only, please consult with your doctor or related field specialist before applying.

For other children health articles, please visit http://medicaladvisorjournals.blogspot.ca/p/children-health.html other health articles, please visit http://medicaladvisorjournals.blogspot.com/

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