Cervical Cancer Diagnosis

Symptoms of cervical cancer are generally not seen until the cancer toward a more advanced stage. Since most women do not know any symptoms so they do not see a doctor. A good way to detect cervical cancer early is by doing a pap smear regularly.

Diagnosis of Cervical Cancer by Pap Smear

Pap smears are very important in diagnosing cervical cancer. With a pap smear regularly, many women avoid cervical cancer. A Pap smear is a simple test that can find cervical abnormalities before they become cancerous.

All women should perform the pap smear regularly, but not for unmarried women, including post-menopausal women and women who have hysterectomy.

Colposcopy Test to Support Better Diagnosis

If the pap smear abnormalities found in the cervix, the next step is to do colposcopy. Colposcopy is a test that allows doctors to see the cervix (cervical) more closely, using an instrument called a colposcope. Colposcope will be inserted into the vagina and then the image captured by the tool is displayed on a computer screen or television. In this way, conditions that occur in the cervix will be very clearly seen.

Cervical biopsies and curettage

During a colposcopy, the doctor may perform a biopsy and is based on what she found during the examination. Cervical biopsy done by taking a sample of cervical cells and then examined under a microscope. It takes only a few seconds to do a biopsy cells sample. If necessary it will be done around the area of cervical biopsy, depending on findings during a colposcopy.

Together with cervical biopsy, endocervical curettage can also be done. During curettage, the doctor will use a small brush to remove cells in the endocervical channel, the area between the uterus and cervix. Curettage will cause little pain, but pain will disappear after curettage performed. The results of the biopsy and curettage is usually only able to see at least 2 weeks.

Cone biopsy and LEEP

Sometimes a larger biopsy is needed to diagnose cervical cancer. In this case, the cone biopsy may be selected. During the cone biopsy, a sharp cone will be used to retrieve the network and the procedures required general anesthesia. Cone biopsy is also used to remove pre-cancerous tissue from the cervix. Loop Electro Surgical Excision Procedure (LEEP) or procedure with Loop Electro Surgical Excision is a procedure performed with local anesthesia to remove tissue from the cervix. LEEP uses electricity to remove cells samples. This method is commonly used to treat high-stage cancer of the only to diagnose cervical cancer.

With all the methods and procedures used above, it can be diagnosed with cervical cancer. If it tested positive for the diagnosis of cervical cancer then further action is to determine the stage of cancer. There are 5 stages and each stage of cervical cancer indicates how far the cancer has progressed. After determining the next stage is to plan the best treatment. http://camecare.com/cervical-cancer-diagnosis.html

The Author:

James Brian a blogger who has a hobby of writing articles about health.

Photo Credit: James Brian

Article Source: http://www.articlesbase.com

 

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