Injury Considerations and Causes of Bleeding

Bleeding, also known as blood loss or open injury bleeding in medical circles can occur inside the body i.e. internal bleeding or outside the body i.e. external bleeding.

Bleeding occurs:

- Internally, i.e. inside the body when blood starts to leak from blood vessels or organs

- Externally, i.e. outside the body when blood starts to come out of a natural opening (this can include the vagina, mouth, or rectum etc.)

- Externally also when blood comes out through the skin due to a cut or break in it.

If you have an injury that is bleeding you have to keep in mind certain things.

- If there is severe bleeding you should always seek emergency assistance. If the bleeding is internal, you suspect then it becomes even more critical to contact an emergency service. Internal bleeding can very easily and quickly become life threatening which is why immediate medical care is necessary.

- It is also not common knowledge that usually serious injuries do not always bleed heavily whereas some injuries that are minor (e.g. scalp wounds) may bleed a lot.

- Some people take blood thinning medication. These people or those that have a bleeding disorder such as hemophilia can bleed excessively and very quickly. This is due to the fact that their blood does not clot properly. When people like these bleed they usually require immediate medical
attention.

- Applying direct pressure on the bleeding wound is the most important first aid step as this is the way to stop most external bleeding.

- A care giver should always wash hands before, if possible, and after providing first aid to a person that is bleeding. This will help in avoiding an
infection.

- Puncture wounds do not bleed much but they do carry a high risk of infection.

- Abdominal and chest wounds are usually very serious in nature as there is a high possibility of severe internal bleeding.

There are several symptoms of a wound bleeding. These include:

- Blood coming out of an open wound

- A bruise

- A shock. This can cause the following symptoms:

- A decrease in alertness or for that matter confusion

- Skin that is clammy

- Feeling light headed after an injury or feeling dizzy

- Low blood pressure

- Becoming pale

- Increase in heart rate i.e. a rapid pulse

- Shortness of breath

- Feeling weak

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