A black eye is a relatively common result of injury to the face or the head, caused when blood and other fluids collect in the space around the eye; swelling and dark discoloration result-hence, the name "black eye."
Most black eyes are relatively minor injuries. Many heal on their own in a few days; however, from time to time they signify a more serious injury.
1. The skin around the eye is very loose, with mostly fat underneath. This makes it an ideal site for fluid to accumulate.
The effects of gravity also help to swell this part of the face. This is why many people wake up with "puffy" eyes in the morning.
2. When there is an injury to the face, the skin around the eye is one of the first places to swell.
Depending on the location and type of injury, one or both eyes may be affected.
Causes of Black Eyes
1. Surgical procedures to the face, such as a facelift, jaw surgery, or nose surgery;
2. A certain type of head injury, called a basilar skull fracture, causes both eyes to swell and blacken; this condition is typically described as "raccoon eyes;"
3. Other causes of swelling around the eye include (these conditions do not make the skin turn black and blue around the eye):
4. Allergic reactions,
6. Cellulitis (skin infection around the eye),
7. Angioedema (swelling, usually around both eyes), and
8. Dental infections.
Symptoms of Black Eyes
1. Bruising around the eye
2. Black eye
3. Black and blue around the eye
4. Bleeding in the eye
5. Bruising in the eye
6. Vision changes
Treatment of Black Eyes
1. Ice the area. Hold an ice pack or some ice cubes wrapped in a washcloth on the eye. Ice helps reduce swelling and numbs some of the initial pain.
2. Pack a black eye in popcorn or peas. A bag of frozen, upopped popcorn kernels or frozen peas placed over a washcloth on the affected eye can also help cool the area and bring some pain relief.
3. Clean it up. Clean any small lacerations with mild soap and water. This will help keep the area from becoming infected with bacteria. Then continue to keep them clean and dry.
4. Avoid pressing on the eye itself. The area has already been traumatized enough, and pressing on it will only cause further trauma. Be gentle when you apply an ice pack to a black eye or clean the area.
5. Keep your chin up. Don't be embarrassed by your black eye. It's going to be around for a while--about one to two weeks.
It will lessen during that time, but it won't fade completely for a couple of weeks or so.
Home Remedies for Black Eyes
1. Ice Packs as a Cure for Black Eye: It is suggested that ice packs can help in constricting and repairing blood vessels and prevent internal bleeding.
This can help in treating swelling and black eye. One can apply ice packs immediately on the affected eye for 10 minutes, thrice a day.
2. Warm Compress for Black Eye Treatment: Experts suggest that you can apply warm compress to your blackened eye after 48 hours of injury.
Warm compress can help in blood vessel dilation and improvement in blood flow. This can help in removing dead tissues, thereby treating black eye.
3. Cotton wool soaked in milk as a natural treatment of black eye: milk is considered effective in treating black eye because of the presence of vitamin A, C, and K. One might apply cotton pad soaked in milk on closed eyes for about 10 minutes. This might help in reducing black eye.
4. Vitamin K for Black Eye Cure Naturally: Vitamin K is considered effective in healing damaged capillaries of the eye and the skin.
This can help improve blood circulation, check internal bleeding and cure black eye. One might include vitamin-K rich food such as broccoli, cabbage, kale, kiwi fruit, spinach, etc. in regular diet.
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