Traditional thinking has told us that complex carbohydrates like rice and potatoes were absorbed slowly, and that simple and refined carbohydrates, like candies and jams resulted in a sharp rise in blood sugar. However recent research has indicated that this is not necessarily the case. There are more factors involved than just simple vs complex or refined vs natural.
The GI values are a measure of 1 to 100 where pure glucose has a value of 100. Many carbohydrate-rich foods have been tested and applied against the index. A value of 50 (for example) indicates that the food has an effect on blood sugar equal to half that of glucose.
The Glycemic Index (GI) measures the effect of foods on your blood sugar levels. Eating foods with a high glycemic index value will raise the blood sugar level more dramatically than foods with a low glycemic index value.
Glycemic Index Food List
LOW GI (< 55)
Apple and apple juice
Baked Beans, dried beans, butter beans, chick peas, soy beans, lentils
Breakfast cereals (oats, muesli, bran)
Whole grain / nutty bread
Pineapple Juice (unsweetened)
Corn (still on cob)
MEDIUM GI (55-70)
Bread (white and brown)
Pineapple, mango, melon
HIGH GI (> 70)
Crackers and crisp breads
Low GI eating: A guide to forming your own low GI eating habits.
- Choose Basmati rice instead of normal rice.
- New potatoes have a lower GI than older potatoes. Sweet potatoes also have a low GI.
- Unrefined cereals such as oats or muesli are lower in GI than processed cereals.
- Bread with lots of grains and seeds are lower in GI than other breads.
- When eating biscuits and crackers, those with whole grains in them are lower in GI.
- Cakes and muffins made with fruit, oats, and seeds can supply more low-GI ingredients.
- Fruits – Stone fruit (peaches, nectarines), apples, citrus are lower in GI than tropical fruits such as bananas, melons, pineapple, etc.
B.Sc.(Med.), B.Ed., M.A.(Edu.), M.Litt.(Edu.), Ph.D.(Edu.Psy.), PGDCA.
Served as Science Master, Employment Department as Vocational Guidance Officer. Retired from Employment Department, Punjab India as Dy. Director (Off.) and Remained Incharge of Overseas Employment Cell of Punjab Govt. for 5 years. More than 60 articles published in Punjabi News Papers like Punjabi Tribune, Daily Ajit, Jagbani and Chardhikala. Serving now Arihant Computer Center
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