Dementia is a degenerative disorder of the brain. It mainly affects the elderly sections of the society. The symptoms are confused with the normal ageing process and are often neglected until the condition worsens. People above 65 years of age are particularly susceptible.

The causes for dementia include:

� Ageing

� Alzheimer’s disease

� Severe brain injury or stroke

� Degeneration of nerve functioning

� Degeneration of fronto-temporal lobar

� Huntington’s disease

The symptoms are classified under three different stages depending on the severity. They are:

Early Stage:

The symptoms are quite similar to normal ageing process making diagnosis a little difficult. Forgetfulness, apathy, irritability lack of interest, loss of memory, dilemma, mood swings, not willing to speak or take any normal activity and absentmindedness are observed.

Moderate Stage:

Symptoms in this stage are fairly recognizable making diagnosis a little easier. The person will appear anxious and will easily get depressed and angry for no apparent reason. They will fail to remember even the most recent activity performed, the place where they are living and will not be able to tell you what time of the day it is. They will not able to recognize their close family members or friends. Hallucinations are a common feature. They might hear or see something that does not even exist.

Advanced Stage:

The person’s cognitive skills are greatly diminished. They will not be able to perform even simple tasks like bathing, dressing up or combing one’s hair. They will not recognize anyone or anything. They will not be able to communicate, will forget their language and lose their power to think or reason. Immediate medical care and 24 hours supervision is necessary for their survival.

Kum Martin is an online leading expert in elderly care  Walking Pneumonia Symptoms

Photo. Rawpixels.com

Source: EzineArticles.com

(Visited 91 times, 1 visits today)