History of Wild Bees and Beekeeping
The beekeeper is the keeper of bee collection of honey and the other products that bees product in the hive like beeswax, pollen, and royal jelly. Another product of bees is for resale to other beekeeper. The location of where bees are housed is called an apiary or beeyard.
The collecting honey dates back 15,000 years ago, Egyptian art shows beekeeping around 4,500 years ago. The early 18th century European understands of bee colonies and the biology of bees the construction of the moveable comb hives so honey can be harvested and not destroy the entire colony.
Wild bees became domesticated in artificial hive like logs, wooden boxes, pottery, and woven baskets. On Egypt’s walls of the sun temple from the Fifth Dynasty worker are depicted blowing smoke in the bee hives and removing the honeycombs. By Twenty-sixth Dynasty it depicted them pouring honey in jars. A regular beehive would be smoked and honey was stored in jars which found in tombs of pharaohs Tutankhamen.
The Greece apiculture found smoking pots, honey extractors in Knossos; Beekeeping was a highly valued industry. The owners of gold rings are depicted in apiculture scenes more that the religious ones interpreted by, contra Sir Arthur Evans.
In China the art of beekeeping recorded the importance of quality of wooden boxes if improved the quality of the honey.
There are more than 20,000 different species of wild bees. Beekeeping is one of the practical management of social species of honey bees. They live in large conies over 100,000. The species are Europe and America with is known as Apis mellifera. The Italian bees know as Apis mellifera ligustica. The European dark bee if Apis Mellifera mellifera.
With breeding bees some companies will achieve a selectively breeding and hybridize varieties are disease and parasite resistance, which produces good honey, swarming behavior reduction. F1 hybrids are crosses the have hybrid vigor, increased honey production, and a higher disease resistance. But this hybrid is more defensive and aggressive.
Collecting honey from wild bees is the most ancient human activities and still practiced by societies in part of Africa, Asia, Australia, and South America. From the early 13,000 BCE collecting honey from wild bee’s colonies is done with subduing the bees with smoke and opening the hive in a tree or rocks which often destroys the nest location.
The early years of the movable comb hive was perfected in the 19th century by Lorenzo Lorranie Langstroth, immigrated to the United States from Yorkshire. Langstroth designed the wooden frames with the rectangular hive box, giving the correct amount of space to remove the slider framer from the box without harming the bees or the comb.
Bees hives have been constructed of cedar pine, or cypress wood, recent years where prone to injected mold from dense polystyrene which today have a greater more important.
With the designs today the frames using channels on the side of the woodworking allow them to be packed side by side or stacked on top of the other box. The bees will travel from one frame to the other frame or box to box.
This development of removable comb hive has developed the commercial honey production on a larger scale.
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