Horticulture Definitions


    ACORN: The fruit of Quercus (Oak)

    ADVENTITIOUS: Occurring in other than the usual location, ie: roots on stems, buds on leaves

    BOTANICAL LANGUAGE: means a plant requires two latinized names

    COLUMNAR: sends branches almost straight up, tapering slightly at the top. (ie: Skyrocket Juniper)

    CORM: solid, swollen part of the stem, subterranean (Crocus, Gladiolus)

    CREEPING: spreads out horizontally

    CULTIVARS: man made and discovered
    – cultivated vegetatively
    -asexual propagation

    DECIDUOUS: Non evergreen woody plants. Leaves drop each fall. Influenced by temperature and light.

    DIOECIOUS: Male and female flowers on separate plants

    DRUPE: A stone fruit. ie: peach, walnut. Seed is enclosed in fleshy outer layers

    GENUS: refers to the group to which the plant belongs.

    GROWTH RATE: refers to vertical growth

    * slow = 12″ or less/annum
    * medium 13″ -24″ per annum
    * fast 25″+ per annum

    HARDINESS: ability of plants to survive extremes in climate

    HYBRID: union of two species of the same genus

    ROUNDED: forms curved outline without being pruned

    SPECIES: particular member of group or genus. Usually descriptive.

    VARIETY: A natural occurring population of plants of one species, different enough from that species to require a different name. Reproduces naturally from seed.

    VASE-LIKE: Shrubby, grows outward & upward, widens near top.

    Source: Pioneerthinking.com – Ingredients for a Simple life



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